After the fall of the Vijayanagara Kingdom in the 17th Century, a group of artists migrated to Surpur in Karnataka where they popularised a form of traditional painting that is now famously known as the Surpur Miniature painting. This form of painting shares many common traits with Mysore and Thanjavur forms of painting with respect to the ‘gesso’ technique and the rendition of gold leaves embedded with semi-precious stones. The paintings are primarily based on Indian mythology and the Vedas. These paintings were made to honour Kings and Noblemen. The craftsmanship involved in this form of painting is highly detailed and intricate and painters practising this art form are encouraged to experiment and innovate. Unfortunately, due to the lack of training young artists, the art form slowly faces extinction.